Monday, December 3, 2018

Jenkins 4: Unit Tests

Now that our builder plugin is working we should start writing some unit tests for it.

Jenkins Tutorials

For a list of all jenkins related tutorials see Jenkins Tutorials Overview.

Source code for this tutorial is available on github as a single zip archive, as a Team Project Set or you can browse the files online.

Step 1: Wrinting a simple test case

Jenkins tests can be written as JUnit tests. The test instance needed for execution tests can be created using a JUnit Rule.

Create a new JUnit Test Case com.codeandme.jenkins.builder.HelloBuilderTest in the src/test/java folder:
public class HelloBuilderTest {

 @Rule
 public JenkinsRule fJenkinsInstance = new JenkinsRule();
 
 @Test
 public void successfulBuild() throws Exception {
  HelloBuilder builder = new HelloBuilder(false, "JUnit test run");
  
  FreeStyleProject job = fJenkinsInstance.createFreeStyleProject();
  job.getBuildersList().add(builder);
  FreeStyleBuild build = fJenkinsInstance.buildAndAssertSuccess(job);
  
  fJenkinsInstance.assertLogContains("JUnit test run", build);
 }
}
In line 4 we create a test instance for our unit test. This instance is used from line 10 onwards to create and run our test job. The instance provides a set of assertion commands which we use to check the build result and the log output of the job execution.

You can run these tests as JUnit tests right from Eclipse or you can execute them via maven by running
mvn test

Step 2: A test expecting an execution fail

We use the same approach as before. To check for a failed build we need to run the build job a little bit different:
 @Test
 public void failedBuild() throws Exception {
  HelloBuilder builder = new HelloBuilder(true, "JUnit test fail");
  
  FreeStyleProject job = fJenkinsInstance.createFreeStyleProject();
  job.getBuildersList().add(builder);
  QueueTaskFuture<FreeStyleBuild> buildResult = job.scheduleBuild2(0);
  
  fJenkinsInstance.assertBuildStatus(Result.FAILURE, buildResult);
  fJenkinsInstance.assertLogContains("JUnit test fail", buildResult.get());
 }

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